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Skersyt Human Rights as Conditionality in European Union Enlargement Process


The process of accession for new countries has always fascinated me, since my country joined the European Union at one of its latest enlargements. The possibility of Turkey's accession to the European Union brings new and exciting developments, since this country is culturally different from all other members of the European Union. In my work I decided to compare several countries and to see how they are progressing in fulfilling one of the most important accession requirements - protection of human rights.

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Dominik Kirchdorfer Rethinking the European Union


Bachelor Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 1, University of Vienna (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), course: Bachelorseminar, language: English, abstract: The European Union is a constant topic for debate. In this thesis I take a closer look at the Union's many problems, possible solutions and how European integration should/will likely progress in the future. To accomplish this, I compare the EU's policy to other similar types, such as composite states (accessory union & union aeque principaliter). Furthermore I look at Switzerland, as an example for diversity in one state and the USA and similar models, as a reference point for federalism.

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European Engagement under Review. Exporting Values, Rules, and Practices to the Post-Soviet Space


This timely book seeks to contribute to the debate on the transfer of values, rules, and practices by European actors to former soviet countries. The actors in focus include multilateral organizations, such as the European Union, the Council of Europe, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, as well as European governments and non-governmental organizations. The contributions in this collection address different aspects of the export or transfer of values, such as democracy, human rights, and the rule of law, as well as rules and practices in the fields of education and migration management, examining motives, mechanisms, and effects of the European engagement.

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Carlos Del Ama Toward a New World Order


The international relations have developed prevailing the law of the strongest. The result is the Empire. The author analyzes the present American Empire and he compares it with the international relations within the European Union, but What is the European Union? Why have a European Union? What is the European Union for? On examining the identity, reason and mission of the European Union this book contributes to eliminating the ideological deficit, which is still argued and underlies the difficulties involved in approving the Constitution. Also the Islamic fundamentalism is analyzed, explaining its ideology. Finally, the author proposes a model to harmonize the international relations in a globalised world and to assure peace.

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Burhani Kishenyi Resolving land disputes through alternative dispute resolution (ADR). An overview of T legal framework


Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, , course: Master of Laws in Mediation and Arbitration, language: English, abstract: Upon reform of land laws in 1999 following the National Land Policy of 1995 the new system for adjudication on land disputes aimed at adopting a procedure which is not tied to legal technicalities and that which is not strictly bound by rules of practice or procedure but which aims at delivering substantial justice. That's why land laws embody some forms of ADR.The main purpose of this study was therefore to examine the effectiveness of ADR legal framework in Tanzania and how useful it is in resolving land disputes. ADR processes currently in use in Tanzania are critically examined and their shortcomings reviewed. The legal framework for ADR and the role they play in providing the supporting structure for land dispute resolution are evaluated. Future prospects for ADR are indicated and recommendations for successful implementation of ADR in resolving land disputes are given. The study has revealed that despite the specialized court system for land disputes settlement there is no distinct legal regime for use of ADR at all levels of land dispute settlement machinery. The only method of ADR in use at the High Court level is mediation through court annexed mediation like in any other civil cases though there are no procedural Rules guiding the same. Negotiation is rarely used where parties ...

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Viktorija Širvinskytė Developing the Solar Energy Sector in Lithuania. Development Strategy for Lithuania based on experience of European Union


Due to the renewable energies nowadays being of a great relevance in the European Union and recent solar energy sector issues in Lithuania and its relevance to investors and the country, the aim of this study is to suggest the ways to improve the solar energy sector of Lithuania in order to increase the attractiveness of investing in it. The ways of improvement are based on existing examples within the European Union. The best features of development models that were proven to be successful in one or several countries of the European Union were adjusted to be eligible for solar energy sector of Lithuania. This book contains an overview of solar energy sectors in the European Union as well as the analysis and comparison of the data. It also presents the suggestions that could be used as a development model to improve the solar energy sector in Lithuania.

6827 RUR

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Patrick Agbedejobi The Geopolitical Implications of the European Neighbourhood Policy.


Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 2.0, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: The Eastern enlargement of the European Union in 2004 alongside the accession in 2007 of Bulgaria and Romania into the European Union has paved way for a historical shift of the Union , emergence of new borders, and emergence of new relations and policies towards new neighbours. Despite the fact that the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) might be considered as a foreign policy instrument, what seems unknown and less considered is the cost of relationship, intent of the European Union (EU) in relations with new members, interest of both sides, security and stability alongside economic and democratic space. The ENP consolidates the opinion that the limits of Europe is increasingly evasive; the thesis therefore aims at considering or analyzing the EU relations in the view of its implications stemming from the ENP policy toward Ukraine as a member of the ENP.

4002 RUR

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Dennis Patterson A Companion to European Union Law and International


Featuring contributions from renowned scholars, A Companion to European Union Law and International Law presents a comprehensive and authoritative collection of essays that addresses all of the most important topics on European Union and international law. Integrates the fields of European Union law and international law, revealing both the similarities and differences Features contributions from renowned scholars in the fields of EU law and international law Covers a broad range of topical issues, including trade, institutional decision-making, the European Court of Justice, democracy, human rights, criminal law, the EMU, and many others

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Jan Refle Der Ausschuss der Regionen.


Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Europäische Union, Note: 2, Freie Universität Berlin, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die vorliegende Arbeit behandelt die Mitwirkung der Länder auf europäischer Ebene über den Aussschuss der Regionen. Dies beinhaltet, Zusammensetzung sowie Verteilung der Kompetenzen. [...]Seit der Gründung der europäischen Union sind immer mehr Politikfelder in ihrem Entscheidungsrahmen auf die Ebene der europäischen Union übertragen worden, während die Länder oder Regionen an Kompetenzen einbüßten1. Daher stellte sich die Frage des Ausgleichs, die mit dem Ausschuss der Regionen (AdR) beantwortet wurde, der im Jahre 1994 gegründet wurde2. Er stellt die Verbindung zwischen der europäischen Ebene und der unteren Ebene, eben der der Bundesländer oder Regionen, her. Diese „dritte europäische Ebene"3 hat in den letzten Jahren an Bedeutung gewonnen4. Als Erweiterung der eigentlichen ursprünglich nationalstaatlichen Außenpolitik auf die Regionen stellt sich nunmehr der AdR dar5, der die Mitwirkung an der europäischen Politik sichern und so auch die Kompetenzverluste der deutschen Länder kompensieren soll6.[...]1 Kleffner-Riedel, Angelika: Regionalausschuß und Subsidiaritätsprinzip. Die Stellung der deutschen Bundesländer nach dem Vertrag über die europäische Union, in: Blumenwitz, Dieter(Hrsg.): Schriften zum Staats- und Völkerrrecht, Bd. 52, Frankfurt am Main 1993, S. 213 und Kilper, Heidrose und Lhotta, Rolan...

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Oksana Bukiy Russian Gas Policy and the Eu Energy Security


The relations between Russia and the European Union served as a topic for research for a number of authors, of Russian and European, as well as of the other , like Japanese or the US, origins. Gas issue is discussed in a few of them. This book discovers specific characteristics of Russia- EU partnership, in particular regarding gas policies. It aims at defining the evolution of the European Union policies in regards to the energy security and the gas policy of Russia as the main energy supplier to Europe.

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Gunnar Matthiesen German policy towards economic and monetary union. ..


Thesis (M.A.) from the year 1999 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: very good, University of Canterbury (Department of Politics and International Relations), 44 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the German national interest in European Economic and Monetary Union. Although not ignoring economic arguments, the analysis focuses on the arguably even more important political benefits and interests. The first chapter introduces EMU from a European perspective, as the next logical step to complete the Single Market and as a source of economic advantages for EU member states. However, it is also an important vehicle for the aim of political union. Hence, in view of Germany′s traditional position in Europe, the progress EMU represents in terms of achieving European unity is a significant factor that led to the unequivocal attitude of the Kohl government favour of EMU.The absolute necessity for Germany to advance the integration process was emphasised by German unification and the resulting political impossibility to refuse EMU as international support for a unified Germany was tied to stronger European integration. In addition, the common currency has benefits for Germany′s foreign trade reliant economy which seem to outweigh the economic doubts. Nevertheless, these concerns did play a role in defining political approaches and have influenced both the opposition′s stance and ...

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Spencer Magleby P. Handbook of Compliant Mechanisms


A fully illustrated reference book giving an easy-to-understand introduction to compliant mechanisms A broad compilation of compliant mechanisms to give inspiration and guidance to those interested in using compliant mechanisms in their designs, the Handbook of Compliant Mechanisms includes graphics and descriptions of many compliant mechanisms. It comprises an extensive categorization of devices that can be used to help readers identify compliant mechanisms related to their application. It also provides chapters on the basic background in compliant mechanisms, the categories of compliant mechanisms, and an example of how the Compendium can be used to facilitate compliant mechanism design. Fully illustrated throughout to be easily understood and accessible at introductory levels Covers all aspects pertaining to classification, elements, mechanisms and applications of compliant mechanisms Summarizes a vast body of knowledge in easily understood diagrams and explanations Helps readers appreciate the advantages that compliant mechanisms have to offer Practical approach is ideal for potential practitioners who would like to realize designs with compliant mechanisms, members and elements Breadth of topics covered also makes the book a useful reference for more advanced readers Intended as an introduction to the area, the Handbook avoids technical jargon to assist non engineers involved in product design, inventors and engineers in finding clever solutions to problems of design and function.

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Desmond Dinan Europe Recast. A History of European Union


Written by a leading authority, and highly successful textbook author, in a clear, entertaining and accessible style, the fully updated 2nd edition of the leading text on the history and evolution of the European Union tells the story of European integration from its modern origins in the 1940s to the challenges of the Eurozone crisis. Organized chronologically with each chapter broadly covering a decade, a thematic introduction and concluding chapter draw out key issues and themes and assess rival interpretations.

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Livia Door The Democratic Deficit Debate in the European Union


The idea of the integration we live in today was born after World War II. At the outset of the European integration there were only six countries establishing the European Coal and Steel Community and their aim was to maintain peace and prosperity. In order to fulfil this aim, supranational institutions were established. With the development of the European Community more and more power has been delegated to the supranational institutions and therefore from the 1980s articles, studies, books started to be published dealing with the European Community from a democratic point of view. A number of critics were written stating that the integration suffers from a democratic deficit. The question raised in this book is the following: Is there a democratic deficit in the EU? In order to receive an answer, first the term democratic deficit itself is focused on (what is meant by it and how it relates to the European Union) and then the EU Institutions and the Constitutional Treaty of the European Union are concentrated on. This work should especially be useful for anyone who is interested in politics and wants to study the system of the EU more deeply.

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Christian Sorgenfrei Optimum Currency Areas. A Monetary Union for Southern Africa


With the current situation in the European Monetary Union in mind, a Monetary Union in other parts of the world seems highly inadvisable. Nevertheless, Africa has some of the oldest Monetary arrangements in the world, dating back to the beginning of the 19th century. Is Africa particularly qualified for a Monetary Union? And furthermore, what features are necessary to make Monetary Arrangements between countries endurable? This study evaluates the prospects and the feasibility of a monetary union in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) from an economic point of view. Both the theory of optimum currency areas and the recent example of the European Monetary Union are employed to analyze the pros and cons of monetary unification. The theoretical implications are operationalized, first, by a broad analysis of economic and socio graphic data, and second, by estimating the degree of structural shock synchronization between SADC countries. Results obtained by an Autoregressive and Vector Autoregressive model indicate that a monetary union which includes all SADC members is neither desirable nor feasible in the foreseeable future. However, the study concludes that a small subset of countries, including South Africa, Namibia, Swaziland, Lesotho, Mozambique, Botswana and Zambia, could gain from forming a smaller monetary union.

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Nicolae-Doru Stanescu Classical and Modern Approaches in the Theory of Mechanisms


Classical and Modern Approaches in the Theory of Mechanisms is a study of mechanisms in the broadest sense, covering the theoretical background of mechanisms, their structures and components, the planar and spatial analysis of mechanisms, motion transmission, and technical approaches to kinematics, mechanical systems, and machine dynamics. In addition to classical approaches, the book presents two new methods: the analytic-assisted method using Turbo Pascal calculation programs, and the graphic-assisted method, outlining the steps required for the development of graphic constructions using AutoCAD; the applications of these methods are illustrated with examples. Aimed at students of mechanical engineering, and engineers designing and developing mechanisms in their own fields, this book provides a useful overview of classical theories, and modern approaches to the practical and creative application of mechanisms, in seeking solutions to increasingly complex problems.

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Ann Robinson In Or Out. An Impartial Guide to the EU


As we approach the referendum on Britain's membership of the European Union, voters are deluged with information about the pros and cons of membership, swayed by the histrionics of politicians and the press on both sides of the debate. Lacking, though, is any clear sense of what the European Union is and what it does. This short book provides an easily digestible summary of how the European Union works and how it has impacted on the economic, social and political life of its member states, giving anyone who wants to make an informed choice in the referendum, the tools with which to do so. The vote will be about the way we are governed and the laws made in our names - this book will help you decide.

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LC23 for ADR Толстовка


контрастные аппликации, логотип, одноцветное изделие, круглый вырез горловины, длинные рукава, внутри: флис без начеса

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Gabriele Tacke Transaction to a Common Currency. Journey an Unknown Destination.


Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: "One Market - One Money." On paper the future of European Monetary Integration never looked more promising than now: ·The Maastricht Treaty has finally been ratified by all twelve member governments in mid October 1993, even the most sceptical states Denmark and the U.K., so that the aim of European Monetary Union (E.M.U.) rests on a solid legal basis now. ·On January 1, 1994 the European Monetary Institute (E.M.I.) began its operations with a goal of intensifying monetary coordination in Europe.} In addition, the E.M.I. will prepare the conceptual groundwork for the activities of the future European Central Bank (E.C.B.). ·The " Road to a common Europe" has been opened and monetary policy roadsigns point in the direction of European Monetary Union with a single currency. In reality, the prospects of the achievement of E.M.U. have deteriorated in the course of 1993 and under present conditions the likelihood of a failure of the Maastricht Treaty is quite high. The European currency crises in September 1993 led to realignments within the European Monetary System (E.M.S.) and fluctuation margins were widened to +/- 15 per cent. These events and a breakdown of cooperation between national monetary authorities have raised doubts about the feasibility of the timetable for moving towards full monetary union. This thesis provides an overview of the progress towards a monetary union, including a common currency, in the European Community (E.C.)...

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Katerina Sidiropoulou The role of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) scheme in the settlement disputes within commercial transactions


Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Law, , language: English, abstract: Society's desire for easier and quicker access to justice has led to the development of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR). 'Alternatives' to litigation, such as arbitration, mediation and banking ombudsman are examined as to their efficiency and capabilities in the settlement of (international) commercial disputes. It is concluded whether litigation can be replaced by ADR in case where commercial disputes arise. Also, there is discussion about the emergence of Online Dispute Resolution (ODR).

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